Treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee depends upon the severity of the arthritis and the patients symptoms. Initially non-surgical treatment methods are recommended; options include: activity modifications, weight loss for patients who are overweight, use of assistive and corrective devices (such as a shoe inserts, a brace, a cane, or a walker), nutritional supplements (such as glucosamine and chondroitin), and medications (such as Tylenol or anti-inflammatory medications).
If these options fail to control the symptoms, injections into the knee, either in the form of a steroid (such as cortisone) or visco-supplementation injections (eg. Synvisc or Euflexxa ) may be attempted. If conservative measures fail, knee replacement surgery is recommended. In this surgery the arthritic ends of the bones are cut away and replaced by metal and plastic components.
Depending on several factors, including the location and degree of arthritis involvement, associated deformity, and instability, in addition to other patient-related factors, a partial knee replacement can be considered. This allows for restoration of native mechanics of the knee based on the preservation of some soft tissue structures. Patients report a more “natural feeling” knee, and tend to recover faster.
Some patients can benefit from a MAKOplasty procedure, which is a robotic assisted partial knee replacement surgery, which helps restore the anatomy and alignment of the joint with a high degree of accuracy.
At Oceana Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, Dr. Aboka provides innovative treatments for segmental knee arthritis, tailored to each individual patient, with added qualification and certification in robotic assisted MAKOplasty surgery, as well as Uni-compartmental partial knee replacement procedures.